Sunday 10 September 2017

Temples of King Duryodhana

                The title of my article is chosen as “Temples of the villain King” But, I felt unjustified when I came to the ending of the article as he was never a villain. He was the great young king of Hasthinapura. Among the stories of old Indian ages, Mahabharatha stands as an epic. The war “Kurukshetra” stood as a reflection to the people of Good and Bad. It is believed that every character in Mahabharatha is measured with great qualities of life and have given a moral with their living styles. Even the god, “Shri Maha Vishnu” takes the incarnation of “Lord Krishna” and stands on the side of Pandava’s who are Good. Makes them to win without wearing a weapon. Lord takes the position of rider to the chariot of ARJUNA and encourages him to fight against evil, bad. Initially ARJUNA gets demotivated, emotional and withdraws from war when he saw all his brothers, relatives and Gurus in-front of him standing as enemies. The way of living and standing in life against any sort of evil was told to ARJUNA in form of BHAGAVADGITA from the lord at that time and war continues.

                In Mahabharatha, Pandavas are shown for standing on the side of DHARMA and Kauravas are shown for standing on the side of ADHARMA. As Lord Krishna, himself stood on the side of Pandavas they won the war and established the empire. But, across India we will never find a temple for such legendary people PANDAVAS.

To be more clear, let’s start from their birth.

Pandavas are 5 members. They have a brother KARNA who stands on the side of KAURAVAS for his friendship with young king, DURYODHANA in the war and died in hands of ARJUNA.
Kunthi when she is unmarried, receives a boon from Sage Durvasa who was very pleased with her service and offerings. The boon is “She can Invoke any god to bear a child for her.” Kunthi in a surprise wishes to test the boon and spells the MANTRA to call Lord SURYA[the sun god],  he blesses with KARNA as her son. Kunthi being unmarried leaves the child in a river and Radha another lady takes him as child.
                        Later, she gets married to PANDU, the KING of HASTHINAPURA. He also marries MADRI later and accepts as second wife. On a day King PANDU gets cursed by Rishi Kindama for killing him and his wife who are making love in form of deer’s in forest. He curses him to death on making love to his wives.

       Kunti, remembers her boon and calls

YAMA DHARMA RAJ who blesses the first son YUDHISTARA.

VAYU who blesses the second son BHIMA

INDRA who blesses the third son ARJUNA

She shared the MANTRA[Spell] to MADRI her sister and she cleverly calls

ASHVINS who blesses her with the fourth and fifth sons as NAKULA and SAHADEVA.

Technically, Logically and Legally, None of the above brothers are really eligible to take up the throne of HASTHINAPURA as they are not born to PANDU RAJA.

Story of the two brothers PANDU And DRUTHARASTRA:

                         AMBIKA and AMBALIKA are the mothers of DRUTHARASTRA and PANDU. Veda Vyasa has fathered the 2 brothers on request of Satyvathi his mother after death of King Vichitravirya. Vyasa is very scary in appearance and hence Queen AMBIKA closes her eyes during their union. As a result DRUTHARASTRA is born blind, But he gets a boon of possessing strength equal to 1000 elephants and can crush iron with his hand from Vyasa.

                                         VEDA VYASA

             AMBALIKA gives birth to PANDU who learns the military arts from Bhishma and kripacharya. Dritharastra being a handicap makes his brother PANDU as king of Hasthinapura. He married Gandhari who on knowing her husband as BLIND ties a cloth to her eyes making the world as dark for herself too.

GANDHARI was not able to give birth first to an child among KUNTHI and herself, who will become the king actually. KUNTHI gives birth with her boon. Hence GANDHARI hits herself on the stomach and the womb gets damaged. Sage Vyasa, takes the responsibility and divided the ball of flesh into 101 equal pieces. He puts them in the ghee pots and seals to bury into earth for 2 years. They were born as Kauravas [100 brothers] and one sister DUSHHALA.

          DRUTHARASTRA again becomes a king once PANDU is cursed and died along with her wife MADRI. Once Kunti is back from forests after her husband death, she takes care of all the 5 children.

           Let’s come to the story of our article. PANDAVAS never had a temple though they ruled HASTHINAPURA kingdom for 36 years. Though they are the sons of the Gods. Though they are the real heroes of war. Though they are the role models. Though they followed DHARMA across their life.

But, DURYODHANA who is considered as VILLIAN of the entire epic have temples in INDIA.

 They are at

1.       Uttarakand State, Near by to Dehradun there is a town named Jakholi. The inhabitants are Saur, they believe DURYODHANA as their ancestor and worships him. The temple is constructed by them in this region.

           There is a river passing by the village, named as Tons. This river is earlier known as TAMAS which means sorrow in Sanskrit Language. It is believed that When the people here heard of the defeat to DURYODHANA in the war, they were crying for many days and hence the river is formed. Due to this belief, the water in river is still not used for drinking. The people here celebrate DURYODHANA YATRA in the time period of ASHADAM and PUSHYAMASAM.

2.       The people of the areas BALAGANGA, BILAGANGA, YAMUNA and BHAGIRADHI also worship KING DURYODHANA as Lord by constructing temples at HARIKIDHUN, OSLA, GANGAR, DATMIR.

         The reason for their worship is explained as below:
Once the king DURYODHANA was doing his kingdom visit and on his way, came to this place. He gets mesmerized to the beauty of nature in this area and stays back for long time in this area. In the morning during his prayers he listens a voice from god to protect the people in this place who are very poor. Since then he has taken of that people in a very good way that they pray him as god. Till now, if there is any unsolved issue the people there invite the soul of DURYODHANA and gets the help in solving it. The Soul which come on to a person is named as MALI.

3. In the southern India, Kerala State, KOLLAM district at PORUVAZHY town the temple of DURYODHANA exists. Temple is well known as PORUVAZHY PERUVIRUTHY MALANADA. You cannot see a deity or GOPURAM in this temple. DURYODHANA here is known as MALAYA KUPPAN.

Once the king visits this place and with a thirst he sat in a place. He requested a woman to water and she gives the ripened milk of coconut to him. King likes the milk much and enquires about the woman. He comes to known that she is from an untouchable community names as KURUVA. Looking at the poor people there he performs puja to Lord SHIVA there and donates 1000’s of acres to the people. Hence the people here still worships him as Lord.

 Here the priests are not Brahmins but they belong to KURUVA community. The ripened milk of coconut and the flesh are given as offerings at the temple.
In March, there are celebrations being done at this temple. They burn a wax house in fire as devotion.

Duryodhana story, shows that being good makes a villain to god.


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